The 1945 International Logging Truck
20 May 2009
Editors note: Ted Shannon, FLM member in charge of our outdoor exhibits, gathered this history of our truck.
1945 INTERNATIONAL 6X6 TRUCK
This all-wheel-drive truck was built in May 1945 for the U.S. Marine Corps as a cargo carrier. WW11 ended in early September, 1945 and this truck stayed stateside at Camp Roberts, California. It was purchased there from the U.S. Government in late 1945 by Alfred Copeland. He initially used it to haul rocks during the construction of Soledad state prison. He then moved to Sonora, California, converted it to a logging truck and used it in that capacity for many years.
It has a 5 speed transmission with a high and low range, an International “Red Diamond” 361 cubic inch straight six cylinder gasoline engine with two carburetors. Many ex-military trucks were pressed into civilian duties after the war; they were available and affordable, but much too slow for today’s trucking needs.
FLM volunteers attached the truck logging bunk equipment and connected the wooden-reach logging dolly, both donated by Page and Page Trailers of Redding, California. Wooden reaches were commonly used well over half a century ago, but broke occasionally, and were replaced by steel reaches.
Gasoline engines continued to power big trucks for many years after WW11 ended, but the inevitable switch to more economical diesel engines began in the 1930s.
Trucks hauled a small percentage of logs in the early 1900s. Today, almost all logs are hauled by trucks.
Donated by the Copeland Family of Sonora California
Wonderful photos of our truck in action and an amazing trailer that Mr. Copeland built to do a number of big jobs. No one we have talked to has ever seen anything like it.
All the photos now have the capability of being enlarged by clicking on them. One great story follows the pictures of the truck the story is about. After that story, many more great photos.
Note the interesting trailer on the right, and the winch truck on the left. That trailer had very interesting capabilities.
Make Room for the Bear
This story and the truck came to us courtesy of the Copelands, Sophie, Alice, Helen, Russell, and the Grand-daugher, Angela.
In the mid 1950’s, Mr. Copeland was logging in Yosemite as you can see by the photos and the captions. Like many visitors to Yosemite, Mr Copeland had to deal with the bears. In particular, there was one bear that wanted into the truck to sleep. He may have wanted into the truck originally because there may have been food in there. But, the bear decided that the truck made a great place to sleep. In fact the bear wanted in badly enough to do damage to the door. So, Mr. Copeland removed the door. The bear would climb into the truck at night to sleep, and in the morning, Mr. Copeland would bang on the passenger side door, driving the bear out of the truck so that Mr. Copeland could go to work.
Our sincere thanks to the Copelands for the truck, the photos, and the story.
Many More Photos Follow
Copeland daughter, Helen, called to tell us that she is in one of the photos. Perhaps that is she on the road edge?
Mr. Copeland’s other logging truck. You will see it in along with our truck
in many of the photos that follow.
Hauling out of Yosemite
Mr. Copeland built this trailer for just the purpose shown in these photos. He could load the logs by pushing them under the trailer and then raising them off the ground with a couple of cables. The winch action came from a truck at the rear of the trailer. This truck is shown in one of the previous photos.
1951 Trial Run for Davis Lumber Company
Mrs. Sophie Copeland at our 2009 Logging Jamboree. She and the other family members donated the 45 IH truck to the museum and Sophie came to see that we were taking good care of it. Sophie at this time was 91 1/2 years old.
When we showed her the photos that she had given us, now up on the web site, she’d say, “That’s my Al, oh, I wish he could wave at me.”
Sophie, her grand=daughter Angela on the left, and FLM President Ginny Kafka at the 2010 Logging Jamboree. The truck had just been painted the week before. Not exactly Linebaugh colors, but on the other hand, it was not ever a Linebaugh truck.